Which signposting expression, i.e., a linking word or phrase that shows connections between the main arguments, located at the beginning of one of the essay paragraphs needs to be changed?
A: First of allIncorrect: First of all, used at the beginning of the first body paragraph, is an appropriate signposting expression to use in academic writing.
B: Second of allCorrect: Second of all, used at the beginning of the second body paragraph, is not an appropriate signposting expression to use in academic writing. A more appropriate expression Secondly or Second should have been used.
C: On the one handIncorrect: On the one hand, used at the beginning of the third body paragraph, is an appropriate signposting expression to use in academic writing.
Identify the topic sentence, i.e., a sentence that expresses the main idea of the first body paragraph, i.e., the paragraph that comes after the introductory paragraph of the essay.
A: The first sentence of the paragraph is the topic sentenceCorrect: The first sentence is the topic sentence in this paragraph.
B: The last sentence of the paragraph is the topic sentenceIncorrect: The last sentence is the concluding sentence which summarises the main idea of the paragraph.
C: The topic sentence is missing and needs to be included at the beginning of the paragraphIncorrect: The topic sentence is not missing in the body paragraph. It is the 1st sentence of the paragraph. The topic sentence generally appears at the beginning of the paragraph, often it is the paragraph’s very first sentence.
What is the main issue with the 3rd paragraph of the essay?
A: The paragraph ends with a citationCorrect: The paragraph should not end with a citation. The citation should be followed by at least one sentence of a discussion or evaluation. After that, a concluding sentence summarising the main idea of the paragraph needs to be given.
B: No cohesive devices, e.g., however, while, thus, are used in the paragraphIncorrect: A number of cohesive devices (e.g., while, for instance, finally) have been used skilfully in the paragraph.
C: The paragraph contains too many examplesIncorrect: This is not an issue. It is important to substantiate the claims with examples and evidence form literature.
Where in the essay does the writer introduce the counterargument?
A: Paragraph 2Incorrect: In this paragraph the writer talks only about the benefits of vaccination, i.e., provision of a disease-free life.
B: Paragraph 4Correct: This paragraph begins with the counterargument, i.e., some parents’ disbelief in the usefulness of vaccinations.
C: Paragraph 5Incorrect: In this paragraph, the writer summarises the main arguments in favour of vaccination.