Identify the thesis statement of this esssay, i.e., the sentence that states the main idea of the whole essay.
A: Noise pollution can have destructive influence on emotional stability and quality of sleep.Incorrect: This statement is not the thesis statement of the essay. The main purpose of this statement is to highlight the scope of the noise pollution problem by focusing on some of its negative effects.
B: Firstly, there is a considerable effect of the environment on noise creation. Incorrect: This statement is not the thesis statement but the topic sentence. Its main purpose is to express the main idea of the second paragraph in the essay.
C: However, the problems generated by noise can be solved by architecture and engineering, planting natural noise blockers and controlling noise sources by governments.Correct: This is the thesis statement, which clearly outlines the three main points of the essay: 1. architecture and engineering; 2.planting natural noise blockers; and 3. controlling noise sources by governments.
Identify an example of hedging language, i.e., cautious/tentative language to show hesitation or uncertainly, used by the writer in the 1st paragraph of the essay?
A: HoweverIncorrect: This is a not an example of hedging language, but an example of cohesive expression used by the writer to show contrast to the previous point made in the essay.
B: May CreateCorrect: This is an example of hedging language. The use of modal verbs ( e.g., may/ might or could) are common ways of mitigating the claims in the essay.
C: NowadaysIncorrect: This is a not an example of hedging language. The writer has used this expression at the very beginning of the essay, however, they should not have used it at all because it is vague, and vague language should be avoided in academic writing.
Which of the essay paragraphs particularly requires some use of research-based evidence?
A: Paragraph 3Incorrect: This paragraph contains some research-based evidence from the source by Harnapp and Noble (1987). The writer could, however, have used some examples and statistics from more current sources to back up the claims made in this paragraph.
B: Paragraph 4Correct: No research-based evidence has been used by the writer in this paragraph. Some evidence in the form of examples and statistics from some current sources should have been included.
C: Paragraph 5Incorrect: No research-based evidence has been used in this paragraph. However, since this paragraph is a concluding paragraph of the essay, it does not require the use of any in-text citations. The main purpose of the conclusion is to restate the main problem and summarise the main points, i.e., potential solutions to the problem, developed in the essay.
What type of references has the writer used in this essay?
A: Book ChaptersIncorrect: The sources used in this essay are not book chapters, but journal articles. In both cases, the name of the journal is given in italics, and the vollume and issue number are stated clearly.
B: WebsitesIncorrect: The sources are not the websites, but the journal articles. In both cases, the name of the journal is given in italics, and the volume and issue number are stated clearly.
C: Journal articlesCorrect: Both sources cited in the essay are the articles from academic journals. In both cases, the name of the journal is given in italics, and the vollume and issue number are stated clearly.